An Cosantóir

June 2022

An Cosantóir the official magazine of the Irish Defence Forces and Reserve Defence Forces.

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Page 22 of 31

23 CAVALRY SCOUTS Surveillance Radar which delivers instantaneous detection and real-time tracking of targets to 24km by day or night. This allows other assets to be tasked to conduct further recognition and identification of targets. These Sensors and optics give the Cavalry Scout Troop a capability that is as applicable to a Peace Support Operation as it is to Conven - tional Operations. The Optics and Sensors course culminates in a practical assessment in the assembly, deployment, and integration of all sensors. Navigation The Cavalry Scout Navigation course develops students in land navigation on various types of terrain, by day and night. It also incorporates Map Stand Test, Route Card Test and GPS training. The Cavalry School has worked to develop a Target Navigation mind- set. This required a mind-set shift in terms of how we were delivering this training and an overhaul of the test procedure. Testing is now conducted in an environment that is more applicable to an actual Scout operation. Students must understand how to stealthily navigate terrain. The learning environment focuses on instructor contact time and student understanding of bearings & pacing. More responsibility is given to students for their route selection and production of route cards. GPS Spot trackers enable exercise control to monitor students' progress. Beginning at dusk, this test is designed to mimic a patrol of 12km (4hr patrol) across mountainous terrain. It is critical that students are confident navigators before understanding it's applicability in tactical tasks. Students are encouraged not to rush; emphasis is placed on following their chosen route and arriving at their target in a condition to conduct assigned tactical tasks. A final exercise introduces tactical patrolling once navigation knowledge has been confirmed. Feedback from the students of the first Cavalry Scout Navigation course has been extremely positive. Communication The Cavalry Scout Communication Course develops students' prior knowledge of VHF SINCGAR and PRR, and then progresses to HF data transmission. In keeping in the LTIOV mind-set, the evaluation for this module sees students establish hasty Observation Posts (OP's), deploy the FOXTRACK GSR and FLIR, and transfer close to real-time data via HF. Although the need for detailed debriefing of assets will remain, close to real-time information is invaluable. Communication hardware and software will inevitably change. However, today's soldiers are extremely tech-minded and tech-enabled, and once the process of data transmission is learned, the means or system of transfer can easily be changed or developed. Cavalry Scout Tactical Course The cavalry Scout Tactical Course develops basic soldiering skills and provides students with a comprehensive knowledge of the roles and responsibilities of a Scout. It focuses on attaining high standards in weapons handling, the ability to react to contact and dis - mounted patrolling drills. Combat tracking training contained in this course heightens the student's awareness of Ground Sign, both their own and that of others. Students are also trained in Call for Fire with instructor support from the Artillery School. This coupled with the FLIR Target Acquisition system makes Scouts formidable in acquiring targets and sharing in a networked battlefield management system. Realistic and dynamic exercises during this module, evaluate students' ability to identify the optimal method to conduct their tasks and offers Scouts the autotomy to decide on the type of sensor and tactics needed to contribute to the ISTAR process. In this challenging tactical phase, students learn to understand the mission and the commander's intent. They must work to fulfil all aspects of the Commander's Critical Information Requirements (CCIR's). They learn to reduce information transfer time from Scout to analyser, thus helping to drive the commander's decision-making process, and aid in exercising economy of force, by positioning follow on forces where they are needed. Conclusion Scout training must be current, relevant, and realistic. Scouts need not be doctrinaires. They need to be forward thinkers and problem solvers. They must possess a high level of independence and operate decisively. Scouts must develop a high level of basic skills and display the motivation and discipline to continually do the small things right. Once the requisite level of understanding of TTP's and attention to detail has been achieved, Scouts can then be afforded the level of autonomy required to operate in all aspects of ISTAR operations. Modern Armoured Reconnaissance is about more than information on an adversary. It must inform the decision-making process on Terrain Characteristics, Route Recon - naissance, Friendly and Non-Friendly Obstacles to Movement, Human Terrain / Threat Analysis, Zone and Area Reconnaissance and Battle Damage Assessment. It incorpo- rates both Information Fusion and the ability to collaborate and the effect of Direct Fire Weapons working in conjunction with other Arms and understand modern procedures for Recce Handover. The "Cavalry Corp Strategy 2030" envisions the future, Modernisation and Development for the Cavalry Corp. Scouts augment this endeavour as Tech- Enabled, multi-skilled, highly disciplined and professional Reconnaissance Specialists Carpe Diem. Student establishing a Hasty Op, deploying GSR and Calling for Fire, aided by FLIR Recon Target Acquisition System Student undergoing Map Stand Assessment during the Navigation Course Student conducting Ground Surveillance with FOXTRACK GSR

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